Transforming Energy for All Humanity

Pioneering at the Frontier of Fusion Physics

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About

We have designed and tested a compact aneutronic fusion reactor capable of delivering kilowatts of power, yet scalable to megawatts. It can deliver constant, distributed energy, anywhere, anytime, without generating greenhouse gases or other waste products, or requiring expensive capital infrastructure or exotic materials, or even any oxygen or solar energy to operate.

 

Our electric fusion devices are portable, safe, and inexpensive to manufacture. Our patent-pending embodiments create a globally transformative change to all energy production with a dramatic reduction in carbon emissions. The technology heralds a monstrous leap in clean energy technology, not an incremental improvement to existing technology.

Fusion benchtop lithium proton

INFINITE POSSIBILITIES

SAFE

Our electric fusion reactor design has multiple safety systems and produces no neutrons, or ionizing radiation, hence no radioactive waste.

CLEAN

A near carbon-neutral energy source that reduces dependency on fossil fuels. The technology heralds a monstrous leap in clean energy technology, not an incremental improvement to existing technology.

DISTRIBUTED

Our devices can be mass-produced inexpensively using known engineering methods and can be scaled to yield more energy with larger units.

TECHNOLOGY

INSPIRED BY THE SUN

ROAD MAP

OUR STRATEGY

Our goal is to transform energy production into fusion. With a specific ten-year objective to convert most fossils-use to electric fusion. Our strategy is to prove, demonstrate, and validate the technology with the scientific community and to license the intellectual property to strategic verticals and industries to accelerate global adoption.

01

SECURE CAPITAL

We seek $10 million of funding to enable us to complete our research and development and to engineer and market well-designed products. With these funds, we plan to build application-specific demonstration products that prove commercial viability.

02

COMPLETE NEXT PHASE R&D

Today, the founders have built a series of laboratory experiments that show fusion reactions. This is confirmed via neutron instrumentation, gamma-ray, and optical spectroscopy data that substantiate fusion reactions. Also, two prototype electrical power generating devices have been built and are in the testing and refinement stage.

03

BETA TEST

Based on the R&D data we will refine three application-specific designs at different power scales, initially targeted at 10 kilowatts, 500 kilowatts, and one megawatt. These units will be placed with key customers or strategic partners for further integration in their specialized commercial markets.

04

PRODUCTION

With feedback from beta testing, we will refine the engineering of our design approaches to maximize energy harvest and minimize production costs. Designs and technical design guidelines will be prepared to support licensees of the technology to strategic production and integration partners for a variety of applications and markets.

 

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EFS FAQs

WHO FOUNDED EFS?

EFS was founded in 2020 by Ken E. Kopp and Ryan S. Wood to advance a breakthrough approach to safe, scalable, cost-effective fusion power.  EFS is on the cusp of a global energy transformation with its disruptive low cost of energy, small form-factor, and clean environmental profile.  With our patent-pending approach, EFS is poised to deliver a revolutionary energy source capable of supporting the planet for centuries. EFS is based in Colorado and is using our proprietary science insights and engineering towards a global transformation for all humanity.

 

What differentiates EFS from other fusion efforts?

Historical and modern fusion efforts have failed to deliver on their promise. Over $50 billion has been spent and there are no reactors producing electricity ever. These scientific approaches, no matter how sophisticated by some of the brightest minds in the world, have all failed and the promise is always “ten or more years off.”

It is time for a new approach, EFS has the problem solved – aneutronic fusion with proton-lithium fusion.  Our patent-pending technology enables our unique fuel to be converted directly to useable electricity. EFS is pioneering this revolutionary energy technology, using a novel fusion physics that does not emit dangerous radiation. The founders have found an easier and safer way to generate fusion chain reactions. We use a cyclical process that cycles into and out of fusion in a plasma with electrical arcing, a magnetic induction field, and pressure confinement. Think of it as an electrical arc, passing through a dense plasma fuel, with pressure confinement. In short, a sort of fusion-plasma “transformer.”  One of the keys is our unique fuel that creates a super dense plasma ten orders of magnitude denser than historically failed approaches. We call this Light Element Electric Fusion (LEEF).

 

Why is proton-lithium fusion the preferred pathway?

The lithium-proton fusion reaction is preferred because it generates virtually no neutrons (thereby supporting aneutronic fusion) or radiation and has strong energy output. A proton is a hydrogen atom stripped of its electron; lithium (Li) is a light, non-radioactive element that is used in lithium-ion batteries and many other industrial applications. Hydrogen-lithium represents a clean, and abundant fusion fuel cycle making it the ideal fuel source for EFS’s commercial fusion solution.

 

How does EFS’s approach achieve practical fusion?

The standard of fusion system performance is the Lawson Criterion. The Lawson criterion is a figure of merit used in nuclear fusion research. It compares the rate of energy being generated by fusion reactions within the fusion fuel to the rate of energy losses to the environment. The criterion consists of three basic elements: density, temperature, and time. These elements are used to calculate a value known as the “Triple Product.”

EFS’s LEEF Triple Product is favorable for the follow reasons:

  1. The fuel operates in a supercritical fluid state with a density orders of magnitude higher than any other known approach. LEEF densities are literally off the charts that are used to document the other competitors’ approaches.
  2. Ion temperatures in our LEEF apparatus are orders of magnitude higher and measured in MeV as opposed to KeV seen in other fusion designs resulting in significant chain reactions during every fusion cycle. Again, LEEF energies are literally off the chart.
  3. In other approaches it is the stability of magnetic confinement that is the primary driver of the fusion burn time. This has been a failure and challenge point for other fusion companies. The LEEF process is cyclical. The fusion electromotive force (EMF) energy is extracted every cycle via magnetic induction at very high efficiencies exceeding 90% as compared to the ~35% seen in “heat” based extraction used in other approaches. Our induction electrical fields by design are not steady state, they oscillate allowing moderated and controlled electrical power extraction.
  4. In a preignition state our fuel exhibits a dramatically lower coulomb barrier (>30x) through a phenomenon known as electron screening.

 

How can EFS REACTORS be scaled?

Since our fusion reactions do not continuously sustain fusion chain reactions and our fuel is already orders of magnitude denser than traditional deuterium-tritium fuels, we do not need the massive magnetic or electrostatic confinement, typical of massive fusion experimental reactors of the past.

We have shrunk the reactor to the size of a cardboard box, and we can go smaller and larger for more or less electrical power generation. How we do this are artifacts of our switching power supply controls, design geometry and fuel insights.

 

What scientific evidence does EFS have that its approach is superior?

The science behind aneutronic fusion and particularly proton + lithium fusion is well documented in the scientific peer-reviewed literature.

Today, EFS has built a series of laboratory experiments that show fusion reactions. This is confirmed via neutron detection, gamma, and optical spectroscopy that substantiate fusion reactions. There are also historical experiments in capillary fusion that support our insights. Yet, EFS is on the cutting edge, there is not a rich paper trail of peer-reviewed science that is on point. If there were, our approach would be known, and the world would be different. However, the science behind all aspects of our apparatus and approach to the practical fusion problem is grounded in known and practiced science. From magnetic and electrical fields to plasma physics, pressure confinement, electromagnetic pulses, and energy extraction via inductive coupling. It is the novel combination of our fuel and traditional electrical engineering and plasma physics that enables our breakthrough and patents.

 

How cost-effective is the EFS reactor?

Key reasons for the economic superiority of the Light Element Electric Fusion (LEEF) reactor are the following: a LEEF reactor has no minimum critical mass therefore it can be produced in small or large sizes in a factory. It cannot experience a criticality accident. It has no special nuclear materials of concern for weapons proliferation and no high-level radioactive waste. This set of characteristics will dramatically reduce the design, licensing, construction, safety, public relations, export, and operating costs compared to the fission or fusion reactors they may replace. Even when compared to the new fission based Small Modular Reactors currently being designed to utilize high asset low enriched uranium (HALEU) fuel.

What the EFS technology enables is a small, modular, and scalable fusion reactor that is safe and inexpensive to manufacture, at the OEM facility rather than on-site. Our patent-pending claims and embodiments create a global re-wiring of energy production; delivering constant, distributed energy, anywhere, anytime, without generating greenhouse gases or other hazardous waste products.

 

 

How does EFS produce electricity?

As the fusion reactions cycle into and out of a chain-reacting state, they create bursts of charged particles that are electromagnetically coupled to the reactor’s oscillating magnetic field. This inductive coupling of plasma pressure becomes electromotive force in the magnetic field which is converted directly to electricity. In essence, a gain transformer using fusion plasma as its core. This allows us to use very efficient power supply regulating techniques to harvest the EMF and subsequently regulate the energy output as a switching power supply. Hence, direct conversion into AC or DC output at the voltage, current, and frequency for the desired application, be it 800VDC for a transportation application, 240 volts AC for houses, or 35 kilovolts AC in an electrical substation.

 

 

How Safe is an EFS Fusion Power generator?

Fission and fusion are two physical processes that produce massive amounts of energy from atoms. They yield millions of times more energy through nuclear reactions. This the basic energy equals mass times the speed of light squared (E=mc2). The fusion process is the exact opposite of fission, combining atoms rather than splitting them.

Although both occur at the nuclear level and release energy as a byproduct, fusion achieves this by combining light elements such as hydrogen, deuterium, and boron, while fission splits up heavy atoms such as uranium and plutonium. Fission is propagated by a chain reaction. Once the reaction starts, it’s hard to stop. This is not how an EFS power generator works, so it can’t meltdown—no China syndrome.

Fusion is a driven process, meaning all steps are deliberately initiated and actively maintained. Once the external drivers stop, the fusion process stops–faster than any kill switch or emergency power-off system could shut down a plant. Fusion possesses nature’s ultimate safety valve: there is simply no way for a meltdown to occur. In this way, fusion is an inherently safe proposition.

The specific hardware that EFS is working with, is aneutronic fusion (without neutrons—they cause radiation poisoning) in a stainless-steel vessel with a very small amount of lithium-proton fuel less than 0.1 liters. Even if the vessel were crushed and the fuel leaks out, it is no more dangerous than gasoline and can be readily neutralized with water.